Navigated TMS for research

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a popular non-invasive brain stimulation method that is increasingly used in brain research by neuroscientists. TMS can be used to interfere with functions such as memory, motor control, perception, attention and other cognitive functions during task performance in order to investigate the neural underpinnings of these functions. By adding an MRI-guided neuronavigation system to a TMS device, the exact location of a TMS pulse can be visualized on the brain surface with millimeter precision. Using these techniques, causal brain-behavior relationships can be studied, and brain functions accurately mapped. Additionally, researchers are using MRI-guided neuronavigation and paired pulse TMS to study the motor cortex of the brain, as well as cerebral, spinal and peripheral pathways, and the connectivity of the brain. We offer complete TMS solutions targeted at such brain research applications, and offer assistance and advice for your own special requirements.

Navigated TMS for research

Online Live Demonstration

We offer online live demonstrations on the use of our equipment. Click here to request a demo now!

EM versus optical tracking in neuronavigation

During neuronavigation, the 3D position and angle of the TMS coil, a digitizing stylus and the head of the patient typically must be known at all times. Position tracking can be performed either using optical tracking with large cameras, or electromagnetic (EM)  tracking based on a DC pulsed magnetic field …

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EM versus optical tracking in neuronavigation

Theta burst stimulation (TBS)

rTMS treatment protocols continue to be investigated and improved. New patterned rTMS protocols, where short high frequency trains of TMS pulses are are interleaved with really short breaks, are referred to as Theta Burst Stimulation (TBS), intermittent TBS (iTBS) and continues TBS (cTBS) with frequencies up to 100Hz for the …

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Theta burst stimulation (TBS)